Atlantic Ocean Research Alliance Support Action AORAC-SA ha sido diseñado para proporcionar apoyo científico, técnico y logístico a la Comisión Europea en el desarrollo e implementación de cooperación en la investigación marina transatlántica entre la Unión Europea, los Estados Unidos de América y Canadá. La acción de coordinación y apoyo (CSA) se lleva a cabo en el marco de la Alianza de investigación sobre el océano Atlántico como se indica en la Declaración de Galway sobre cooperación en el océano Atlántico (mayo de 2013).
The overarching objective of AtlantOS is to achieve a transition from a loosely-coordinated set of existing ocean observing activities to a sustainable, efficient, and fit-for-purpose Integrated Atlantic Ocean Observing System (IAOOS), by defining requirements and systems design, improving the readiness of observing networks and data systems, and engaging stakeholders around the Atlantic; and leaving a legacy and strengthened contribution to the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) and the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS).
The loss of biodiversity and degradation of ecosystems jeopardize the sustainable provision of ecosystem services and are major scientific and societal challenges. Addressing this challenge and providing scientific support to stakeholders and policy makers requires a coherent interdisciplinary research framework, with coordinated strategies and programmes at the national, regional and international levels, which are the relevant scales for many biodiversity issues.
We are standing at the dawn of a century that will be largely affected by how we as a society are able to manage our oceans and their resources. Marine and Maritime Research has a critical role to play in developing our understanding of the seas and advance technology so that we can develop their economic potential in a sustainable manner.
Despite possessing an array of desalination plants whose size and variety is unique in the world, there is no cohesive group of researchers within the Co-operation Area that responds to the needs of the Sector. It is necessary to support R&D&I in desalination (for domestic supply and agricultural use), to examine the interface between water and energy and to allocate resources in a co-ordinated manner to resolve challenges and for innovative and demonstrative projects related to water desalination technology and the applied use of renewable energy, in accordance with the RIS3 priorities and EU-Blue Growth. DESAL+ proposes to:
The main objective of this project is to acquire new technical and scientific know-how about artisanal fishing with traps and gillnets to reduce their negative impacts on the environment. Nothing has been published to date concerning the survival rates of specimens of the different target species freed (because they are below the minimum catch or commercial size) or side catch caught with both fishing techniques, one using traps, and the other using gillnets.
The project consists of conducting a feasibility study on the technical possibilities offered by flying drones to undertake tasks in different areas of application, and to conduct a study of the current market to act as a decision-making framework for future projects. There is currently an enormous range of drone models on the market, with their different strengths and technical capabilities. The purpose of the study is to provide a decision-making tree of models depending on the requirements of the project..
The objective of the ECOMARPORT project is to promote marine and maritime R&D and innovation in European and African Macaronesia by creating an operational network of environmental and marine observation of water and air quality in ports (eco-ports in Macaronesia). This will be achieved via the development and use of the latest in sustainable technology, the creation of useful products and tools for its users, and through the co-operation and appropriate and efficient technology transfer between the public and private sectors in the field of marine and maritime science and technology, promoting business opportunities within the context of Blue Growth.
In ELICAN, a strong team of complementary European companies with worldwide leading presence in the Wind Energy industry join forces to provide the market with a disruptive high-capacity and cost-reducing integrated substructure system for deep offshore wind energy. The technology is exceptionally fitted to meet the technical and logistical challenges of the sector as it moves into deeper locations with larger turbines, while allowing for drastic cost reduction.
The EMSODEV (European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and water‐column Observatory DEVelopment) general objective is to catalyse the full implementation and operation of the EMSO distributed Research Infrastructure (RI), through the development, testing and deployment of an EMSO Generic Instrument Module (EGIM).
The ENTROPI project will target investment to address critical challenges along the value chain supporting multi-use platforms. Such platforms have already been identified as a Key Enabling Technology (KET) and three FP7 projects (TROPOS, H2OCEAN and MERMAID) have explored preliminary platform concepts and feasibility.
Our oceans are the least-explored region of planet Earth. Protection and sustainable development of ocean resources presents formidable challenges. Robots will play an increasingly key role in the near future and this role will expand and become more challenging as we extend into deeper, remote and hostile marine environments.
The aim of the iFADO project is to create marine services on a regional and sub-regional scale, using European Union waters as a case study. Filling the existing technical gaps, iFADO will use the implementation of the Framework Directive on Marine Strategy. (FDMS) to demonstrate the application of innovative products.
ENVRIPLUS is a cluster of research infrastructures (RIs) for Environmental and Earth System sciences, built around ESFRI roadmap and associating leading e-infrastructures and Integrating Activities together with technical specialist partners.
The MARCET project transfers and disseminates cutting-edge science and technology in order to promote growth and sustainable development of tourism directly and indirectly related to Whale Watching, through the creation of new eco-innovative products and services. In particular, centres specialised in the monitoring and tracking of cetacean health and in operational oceanography will be brought together from across the region in order to integrate, harmonise and optimise knowledge, infrastructures and best practices in the region.
The objective of MARINERG-i is to become the leading internationally distributed infrastructure in the Marine Renewable Energy (MRE) sector. Its integrated nature and co-ordinated approach will accelerate the research development and deployment of offshore wind, wave, tidal and combined energy technologies and help maintain Europe as a global leader in this industry. In addition MARINERG-i will strengthen European, scientific and engineering excellence and expertise as its combined facilities represent an indispensable tool to foster innovation across a large variety of MRE technologies and systems and through all key stages of technology development (TRLs 1-9).
Integrating activities planned under MaRINET 2 build upon the achievements of the advanced community created in MaRINET FP7. MaRINET 2 will ensure the continued integration and enhancement of all leading European research infrastructure and facilities specialising in research, development and testing of offshore renewable energy systems including electrical sub systems and grid integration through a range of TRLs (1-7).
Europe’s vast coast line harbours a huge potential resource of ocean energy to be exploited as a renewable electricity source contributing towards the 2020 targets and beyond. The ocean is a complex working environment, relatively little is known about it and it is widely used by others, such as fishing, shipping and recreation. However, the prize for introducing ocean energy generation is high, estimated by DG MARE, at 380 GW. Currently, several member states and regions are funding ocean energy research, demonstration, technology and innovation (RTDI). There is a shared goal to generate knowledge about the marine environment and to speed the development of this emerging sector.
We propose a technical-economic feasibility study for the future development of a tool (software+hardware), called ODA (Onboard Data Analyser) that can analyse the data packages that reach a vessel, in order to extract the flat or pure data arriving to send it to the different systems or applications that require it. If the flat data include malware, this will remain in ODA, preventing it from passing into the rest of the on-board network and it will emulate a state as if the vessel has been infected in order to stop new attacks being sent.
The aim of the ORPHEO project is to study techniques that enable the optimization, through advanced and intelligent control, of the profitability that can be obtained from an integrated hybrid floating platform that includes generation from wind power and wave energy and is connected to the grid as part of a renewable energy farm in the sea.
The “Electricity grid to provide support for experimenting and testing new technologies that use marine energy resources to generate electricity and to connect technologies for observation at increasing depths (REDSUB)” Project consists of conducting a series of activities that range from the design, acquisition and installation, to the commissioning of a sea-to-shore electricity grid and data network in the area of the maritime-terrestrial public domain reserved for the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. The management of this project has been assigned to the PLOCAN Consortium.
RIS3_Net will develop a strategy for institutional co-operation and a system of common governance, aimed at those institutions responsible for the planning, execution and follow-up of the intelligent specialisation strategies in the MAC regions, taking into consideration its possible extension to other countries.
In Wave Energy - Technology Brief (June 2014), the International Renewable Energy Agency stated that synergies with other offshore industries would be advantageous to the wave energy industry. The report concludes that opportunities should be found to create more dedicated infrastructures – including ports – to support the installation, operation and maintenance of wave energy converters (WEC). Additionally, the progressive growth of the sea ports’ activity brings many challenges, namely the increase of the energy consumption and pollution.
The current state of the technology of technical disciplines like tele-communications, information technology, electronics, material technology, etc. working together on developments specifically destined for marine observation, enables us to face challenges in terms of space, time, robustness, standardisation, efficiency, response capacity, precision, sustainability, information quality, etc., in line with the real needs of users as a whole, all in a context of a world-wide integrated observation system, in response to international guidelines such as MSFD (Marine Strategy Framework Directive), GES (Good Environmental Status), DCF (Data Collection Framework), etc.
Within the sphere of blue economy there are endless development opportunities in established maritime subsectors such as fisheries, maritime transport and ports, and in emerging sectors such as maritime tourism (recreation and cruises), aquaculture, and marine biotechnology, as reflected in the European Strategy for Blue Growth.
Nowadays, the major part of offshore operations is done by divers in dangerous missions. Since their number is limited, the dependency on their work represents a real threat to the offshore industry. The extended use of unmanned underwater vehicles (AUVs/ROVs) could solve this problem but since they are usually tailor-made for a specific task and difficult to operate their deployment is very expensive.
The project WIP 10+, “Wind integrated platform for 10+ MW power per foundation” will demonstrate at sea and at significant scale a fully integrated offshore wind floating platform Wind2Power that holds a couple twin wind turbines of up to 6 MW each, and that it is also able to host additional functions due to its size.
The project deals with the adaptation of the SP200 family of spectrophotometric pH sensors to be installed and operated in unmanned autonomous vehicles, both surface and underwater. Spectrophotometric pH sensors developed by Sensorlab SL are devices of high accuracy, designed for measuring pH in open waters during several months without calibration or maintenance. Their main use is monitoring the evolution of climate change.
The CANAUTIC project aims, through a collaborative work between the institutions of the marine and maritime sectors of the Canary Islands and Cape Verde, to promote sustainable territorial development through the integration of economic activities in coastal zones of the Canary Islands and Cape Verde and by establishing a framework of rational use of the coastal zone based on social, economic and environmental criteria. The project is divided into three distinct phases.
The main objective of the CATAPULTA project is to unfold the potential of the Singular Scientific and Technological Infrastructure (ICTS) PLOCAN for returning and securing international funding that will drag and strengthen R&D&I in the marine and maritime sectors towards Spain.
The main objective of this Action is the coordination of ongoing research using gliders, and the conception of future research, to operate fleets of autonomous underwater gliders in order to provide cost-effective methods for the discovery and monitoring of the ocean at global, regional and coastal scales with benefit to both basic oceanographic research and operational applications for marine activities.
Within the framework of the International Year of Chemistry, the initiative "The Ocean, Chemistry of Life" tries to expose, in an educational and entertaining way, using a wide range of educational, audiovisual and technological resources, the role that chemical sciences have played in the existing knowledge of the ocean and marine life. Likewise it aims to emphasize its vital importance, both today and in the future, for the work of monitoring the health of our seas, our atmosphere and life on our planet.
The objective of the project is to promote marine and maritime R&D of the European and African Macaronesian regions so that their approaches and results are addressed to contribute to the best articulation of the scientific - technical - company system, in fields such as security and sustainability in transport, maritime tourism and ports, increasing the protection of coastal areas, resources and marine biodiversity and the forecasting and management of natural risks. This is a way to contribute to promote the socio-economic development of these regions, in keeping with international goals.
EURATHLON is a new outdoor robotics competition, which will invite teams to test the intelligence and autonomy of their robots in realistic mock emergency-response scenarios. Inspired by the 2011 Fukushima accident the EURATHLON competition will require a team of land, underwater and flying robots to work together to survey the scene, collect environmental data, and identify critical hazards. Leading up to this ‘grand challenge’ in 2015, will be directly related land and underwater robot competitions in 2013 and 2014, respectively.
The Fixed point Open Ocean Observatory network (FixO3 ) seeks to integrate European open ocean fixed point observatories and to improve access to these key installations for the broader community. These will provide multidisciplinary observations in all parts of the oceans from the air-sea interface to the deep seafloor. Coordinated by the National Oceanography Centre, UK, FixO3 will build on the significant advances largely achieved through the FP7 programmes EuroSITES, ESONET and CARBOOCEAN.
Underwater gliders are intelligent and affordable platforms, useful for longterm, multi parameter marine observations. Because of their remotely controlled navigational capabilities and the high spatial and temporal resolution of their measurements in real-time, gliders have been identified to fill gaps existing in the existing ocean observing systems. Along with the rapidly growing importance in purely science driven applications, the implementation of gliders into the Global Ocean Observing System has been recognized as a key point to improve the observational capabilities of the observing systems.
The main objective of the INNPACTO Wave Energy project is the development and demonstration of the usefulness of R & D projects based on PIPO Systems’ APC - PISYS technology. This will be achieved through the construction and location in a marine environment of two technological applications or exploitable products to meet existing demand. These are:
A new EU 7th Framework Programme project, “LEANWIND” (Logistic Efficiencies And Naval architecture for Wind Installations with Novel Developments) seeks to apply lean principles to the offshore wind farm project lifecycle. The primary LEANWIND objective is to provide cost reductions across the offshore wind farm lifecycle and supply chain through the application of lean principles and the development of state of the art technologies and tools. The offshore wind industry in existing near shore shallow sites has yet to become cost competitive with traditional forms of energy while new sites are being planned for greater distances from shore or deeper water bringing new challenges.
Enhancing R+D+i capacities in the fields of climatology, meteorology and operational oceanography, through the components of modelling, monitoring and dissemination of information in a timely manner and in a scale that is appropriate to the sectors on which they depend on. Network integration participating, from its privileged position in the Atlantic, in the aims of the EU of creating the European Observation and Information Network (EMODNet).
The MaReS project aims to organize a common tool to Macaronesian archipelagos in order to analyze, coordinate and identify opportunities to meet the challenges of sustainability through a strategy of competitive research and development in Atlantic European island regions. It arises from the evidence that the dimension of R & D systems in these archipelagos do not allow them to compete effectively for themselves in the European Research Area, nor in the international scientific context.
The need for regional cooperation in the NE Atlantic to face marine pollution has been previously demonstrated by historic accidents in Spanish, Moroccan, French and Portuguese coasts. The Lisbon Agreement, recently ratified (2014) by the mentioned countries and EU, envisions the cooperation in case of pollution incidents. Transnational strategies to face marine pollution with hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) and especially with oil spills have been under development in different regions in the context of international agreements and EU RTD projects.
NetBiome-CSA will extend and strengthen research partnerships and cooperation for smart and sustainable management of tropical and subtropical biodiversity in outermost regions (ORs) and overseas countries and territories (OCTs). This will be achieved through a participative process mobilising stakeholders, their knowledge and resources for initiatives such as policy and priority analysis, multi-stakeholder dialogues, exchange of good practices, training and issuing of recommendations.
As stated by the marine research decision makers in Europe in the “Ostend Declaration” in 2010, a major challenge is to support the development of a truly integrated and sustainably funded European Ocean Observing System. This will be achieved with more long-term measurements of key parameters but is impaired by the costs and lack of reliability of ocean sensors in general.
The main objective of the project is the development of an environmental observation and monitoring program for the concentration of energy generating devices at the PLOCAN test site. This objective falls within the set of regular activities for the observation and environmental assessment of the marine environment, including aspects of design, implementation, data generation, evaluation and production of useful information for the management and administration of marine renewable energies. This information is offered to companies and public administrations interested in the field of marine renewable energies.
PERSEUS contributes to Europe's efforts to monitor illegal migration and combat related crime and goods smuggling by proposing a large scale demonstration of a EU Maritime surveillance System of Systems, on the basis of existing national systems and platforms, enhancing them with innovative capabilities and moving beyond EUROSUR's 2013 expectations, addressing key challenges:
The main objective of this proposal is the integration of an educational project in the classrooms, based on the construction of a Remotely Operated Vehicle, from low-cost tools, considering open-source hardware and software, having selected Arduino as an open-source hardware platform and Scratch as an open-source software implementation.
The key objective of the TROPOS project was the development of a floating modular multi-use platform system for use in deep waters, with an initial geographic focus on the Mediterranean, Tropical and Sub-Tropical regions but designed to be flexible enough not to be limited in geographic scope.
Underwater wireless communication links have up till now almost exclusively been implemented using acoustic systems. Underwater radio is the range limitation due to the tremendous attenuation is assumed as an unchangeable environmental element.
The technology company Wedge Global, S.L. has developed a direct generation electrical Power Take-off System system (PTO) for harvesting wave energy. This PTO is potentially suitable for different types of wave energy converters - WEC's - (vertical and pendular point absorbers and oscillating water column, among others).
The UNDIGEN project consortium (MINECO-IPT-2011-1770-920000), led by the technology company Global Wedge, S.L. has developed and is in the final phase of testing the marine functionality of a wave energy converter (WEC) with an innovative electric generation system, which, in turn, is potentially suitable for different types of WECs (vertical and pendular point absorbers and oscillating water column, among others).
This Action tries to boost professional careers in science and technology, helping to increase and promote innovation and creativity in secondary school, professional training and high school students in the field of marine technologies.
The WELCOME project specifically brings forward one of the strategic lines of PLOCAN, putting into operation the expected test-bed. The advance is possible because in this case is intended to test a device to feed a set of met-ocean observations; thereby, trying to provide solutions to one of the basic problems of observation in the ocean, since power limiting is the factor controlling the number of observations, frequen- cy and information that can be transmitted.